Posted in dasara padagalu, Dvaitha, MADHWA, taratamya

Let us know Dvaitha

“Madhwa mathave mathavu sakala smurthi sammathavu”

As the line says, madhwa philosphy is the only one which is accepeted by vedas. Being a Madhwa,one should understand the principles of dvaitha philosophy.

Five fundamental, eternal and real differences are described in this system:

  •     Between the individual soul (or jīvatma) and God (Brahmatma īshvara or Vishnu).
  •     Between matter (inanimate, insentient) and God.
  •     Among individual souls (jīvatma)
  •     Between matter and jīva.
  •     Among various types of matter.

Tharathamya or hierarchy among gods:

Vishnu is the Supreme Lord and Lakshmi is His eternal consort. Brahma and Vayu occupy the same next level. Their wives (Saraswati and Bharathi respectively) occupy the next level. Garuda-Sesha-Shiva, Indra-Kamadeva, Surya-Chandra, Varuna, Agni, Ganesha-Kubera and others successively occupy the lower ranks in this hierarchy.

Madhva propounds that life in the world can be divided into two groups: kshara and akshara. Kshara refers to life with destructible bodies, while akshara refers to indestructible bodies. Laxmi is akshara, while others from Brahma and lower are ksharas or jīvas. Possessing no body, Vishnu is exempt from this classification.

Sri vyasarajaru theerhtaru consolidates dvaita (madhwa philosophy in single sloka

Sriman Madhvamate: Harih Paratarah, Satyam Jagat, Tattvatho Bhedho Jivagana, Hareranucara, Nichoccabhavam gatah |

Muktir Naijasukhanubhutir, Amala Bhaktih Tatsadhanam, Hyakshradi Tritayam Pramanam, Akhilamnayaikavedyo Harih ||

Meaning

Sriman Madhwa Mathe
1 . Harih para tarah – Hari is the Supreme Being.
2 . Satyam Jagat – The world is Real, not Mithya or illusion.
3 . Tatvato Bhedah – Difference is Real.
4 . Jeeva Gana Hare ranu charah – All the Jivas are Hari’s Servants.
5 . Neecho cha bhavam gatah – with gradation among them.
6. Muktirnaija sukhanubhutih – Mukti is the enjoyment of (the soul’s) innate bliss.
7. Amala Bhaktischa tat Sadhanam – pure bhakti is the means of    attaining mukti.
8. Akshadi Tritayam pramanam –  there are three sources to gain knowledge namely :-

  • Knowing things through “Eyes and other Indriya Prathyaksha”,
  • knowing by inference, “Anumana” , and
  • By Shastras ‘Agama”. Tru Knowledge of the world can be gained by the above three means. It is “Tritayam”.

9. Akhilamnaiyaika Vedyo Harih -Lord Sri Hari can be known by Amna (or, Veda) only.

 


Dasara padagalu on dvaita philosophy and taratamya

Satya jagatidu panchabhedavu nitya shri govindana-
krutyavaritu taaratamyadi krushnanadhikendu saarirai
jiva Ishage bheda sarvatra – jiva jivake bhedavu
jiva jadake jadajadake bheda – jiva jada paramaatmage | 1 |
maanushottamaradhika kshitiparu manujadeva gandharvaru
j~jaani pitraajaana karmaja daanavaaritattvesharu | 2 |
ganapa mitranu saptarushigalu vahni naarada varunanu
inajage sama chandra suryaru manusuteyu hechchu pravahanu |3|
daksha sama aniruddha shachi guru rati svayambhuvaraarvaru
praanaginda adhika kaamanu kinchidadhikanu indranu |4|
deva indrage adhika maharudra – deva sama sheshagarudaru
kevala rudra shesha garudage devi hechchu sarasvati |5|
vaayuvige samarilla jagadolu vaayudevare brahmaru
vaayubrahmage koti gunadindadhika shaktalu shriramaa |6|
ananta gunagalindadhika lakumige Adi purandaravithalanu
Ganaru samaru illa jagadolu hanumahrutpadmavaasige |7|


Satata gananaatha siddhiyaniva kaaryadali
mati prerisuvalu paarvatidevi mu-
kutipathake manaviva maharudradevaru hari bha-
kutidaayakalu bhaaratidevi yu-
kuti  shaastragalalli vanajasambhavanarasi
satkarmagala nadesi suj~jaana matiyittu
gati paalisuva namma pavamaananu
chittadali ananda sukavanivalu ramaa bha-
kutajanarodeya namma purandaravitthalanu
satata ivarolu nintu I krutiya nadesuvanu |

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