- This Festival comes usually a day before Ganesh Chaturthi.
- This is widely celebrated festival in karnataka.
- For this festival the daughters of the house are invited along with their spouses and gifts are given.
- Shri Swarna Gowri Vratha or Gowri Habba is celebrated on Thrithya of Badrapada Shukla Maasa.
- On this day, Ladies are suggested to take head bath to purify themselves before offering pooja.
- Deocrate the mantapa
- Clean the place where Gowri is to be kept
- mostly some traditions allow harshina gowri and some people follow gowri made with clay
- Draw a rangoli and place a plank or a mantap and put a handful of rice, on it.
- place the gowri on the rice
- To the right of the Gowri keep beetel leaves, beetul nuts and fruit
- To the left or front keep kadole, karimani, toe rings, haldhi, kumkum, kajal and a small comb.(whatever available with you atleast)
- Do all this arrangements on the morning of the puja after a oil bath and when there is no rahu kala or yamaganda.
- When you start the puja, keep ready all the items mentioned , plus water, panchamrutha or raw milk, or Madhuparka ie a mix of honey ,curds and ghee.
- Perform sankalpa
- do shodashopachara pooja
- Perform puja to the Dhora(thread) coloured yellow with 16 Knots as many as the number of women and children in the house. Keep this in front of gowri and do puja to this too. After this perform arathi.
- Next give haladhi kumkum and flowers and thambula with dhakshina and a coconut or friut to all the Sumangalis
- Tie the dora, while tieing dora on the right hand give a fruit to keep in the hand while tieing the dora.
- Give a maradha bhagana with a choli or saree /blouse.
- In evening light lamps and perform arathi.
- Swarna gowri is kept along with Ganesha for 3,5,7 9 and 11 days as per the convenience of the family.
- Some people do visarjanaa on the same day.
- It is said that Gowri used to go to her materal home on this day and next day Ganesha used to come and take back gowri with him
- By tradition, Girls are invited to their parents home and celebrations happen with wonderful pooja and habbadha adige
- Newly married women give 5 pairs or 16 pairs of mora to sumangalis. From the second year onwards 5 pairs of mora is given upto 5 years. From the sixth year onwards, 2 pairs of mora are exchanged with Sumangalis.
- as per our sampraadaya, morada bagina has to be preferably given for spouse’s sister and second one to the pooja doer’s mother itself.
- In case if there is no sister in your husband family, prioritize his cousins or atleast distribute to your mother-in-law
- It is believed that by performing this puja unmarried girls will get good husbands and married women will have a healthy and peaceful family life.
Swarna gowri ashtothram
ōṁ mahāmanōnmaṇīśaktyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śivaśaktyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śivaṅkaryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ icchāśaktikriyāśaktijñānaśaktisvarūpiṇyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śāntyatītakalānandāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śivamāyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śivapriyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sarvajñāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sundaryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ saumyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ saccidānandarūpiṇyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ parāparāmayyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ bālāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ tripurāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ kuṇḍalyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śivāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ rudrāṇyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ vijayāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sarvāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śarvāṇyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ bhuvanēśvaryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ kalyāṇyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śūlinyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ kāntāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahātripurasundaryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mālinyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ māninyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ madanōllāsamōhinyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahēśvaryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mātangyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śivakāmyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ cidātmikāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ kāmākṣyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ kamalākṣyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mīnākṣyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sarvasākṣiṇyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ umādēvyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahākālyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sāmāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sarvajanapriyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ citpurāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ cidghanānandāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ cinmayyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ citsvarūpiṇyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahāsarasvatyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ durgāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ jvālādurgādimōhinyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ nakulyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śuddhavidyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ saccidānandavigrahāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ suprabhāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ suprabhājvālāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ indrākṣhyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sarvamōhinyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahēndrajālamadhyasthāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ māyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ māyāvinōdinyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ viśvēśvaryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ vr̥ṣārūḍhāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ vidyājālavinōdinyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mantrēśvaryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahālakṣmyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahākālīphalapradāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ caturvēdaviśēṣajñāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sāvitryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sarvadēvatāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahēndrāṇyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ gaṇādhyakṣāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahābhairavapūjitāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahāmāyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahāghōrāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahādēvyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ malāpahāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahiṣāsurasaṁhāryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ caṇḍamuṇḍakulāntakāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ cakrēśvaryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ caturvēdyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ sarvadāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ suranāyikyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ ṣaṭśāstranipuṇāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ nityāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ ṣaḍdarśanavicakṣaṇāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ kālarātryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ kalātītāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ kavirājamanōharāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ śāradātilakākārāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ dhīrāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ dhīrajanapriyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ ugrabhāryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mahābhāryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ kṣipramāryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ raṇapriyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ annapūrṇēśvaryai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mātrē namaḥ ||
ōṁ svarṇākārataṭitprabhāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ svaravyaṁjanavarṇōdayāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ gadyapadyādikāraṇāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ padavākyārthanilayāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ bindunādādikāraṇāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ mōkṣēśamahiṣyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ satyāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ bhuktimuktiphalapradāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ vijñānadāyinyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ prajñāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ prajñānaphaladāyinyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ ahaṅkārakalātītāyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ parāśaktyai namaḥ ||
ōṁ parātparāyai namaḥ ||
śrī mahāgauryai namaḥ ||
Swarna gowri katha:
Parvati undertook a severe penance to win over the love of Lord Shiva. She did the penance for 16 years, during which She survived only on grass and fruits. Lord Shiva pleased with Her penance finally relented and married Goddess Parvati. This is also one of the reasons for married women performing the Puja for 16 years.
Shanmukha, the son of Lord Shiva asked His father to narrate a Vratha that could be observed by everyone and which would bestow progeny, prosperity and bliss. Lord Shiva narrated the story to Shanmukha as follows:
There once lived a King, Chandraprabha who was ruling Vimalapur, a city on the banks of the Saraswathi River. All his subjects lived happily under his rule. He had two wives. He loved his first wife, the most.
One day, the King entered a dense forest for hunting. He killed several wild animals such as boar, lion etc. He was tired and was feeling thirsty too. He went in search of water. He saw a pond nearby and descended from his horse to take some water. He saw some women offering Puja near the pond. Curious to know about the Puja, he asked one of the women about the Puja and its significance.
The women said that the Vratha is known as Swarna Gauri Vratha and by performing the Vratha, all the wishes would be bestowed. It is performed on Bhadrapada Shukla Trithiya by married women. They explained the rituals also associated with the Puja. The king was very happy to hear the story. He performed the Vratha with great devotion and tied the sacred thread on his right wrist and came back to his palace.
The king explained about the Vratha to both his wives. The first wife was very angry at his narration, snatched the thread from his right wrist and threw it on a nearby plant which had dried up. After some days, fresh leaves began to sprout from the dried plant. The king’s second wife was happy to see life in the dried plant. She took the thread from the plant and tied it to her wrist and performed the Puja. She was blessed with wealth and prosperity and love of the King.
The first wife, due to her ignorance about the Vratha had to leave the palace. She roamed in forests and had to undergo untold sufferings. As her suffering became unbearable, she wept inconsolably. Goddess Parvati appeared before her and consoled the queen. The queen realised her folly and observed Swarna Gauri Vratha with all devotion. Goddess Gauri bestowed happiness and love of her husband. Both the King and the queen lived happily.
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