Posted in chathur maasa, MADHWA, vrata

Chathur Maasa

When is Chathur Maasa?

  • Chaturmasya starts from Ashada Shudda Dwadashi and ends on Kartikha Shudda dashami.
  • chaturmasya comprises of the Hindu lunar months of Shravana, bhadrapada, Ashvayuja and karthIka.

Why should we observe Chathur Maasa?

  • The eleventh day in Ashada Shudda ekadashi(Shayanaikadashi) , is the day that Sri naarayana, even though he is sleepless, hungerless, pretends to sleep, which is termed as “Yoga Nidra”. He sleeps till Karthika Shudda Dwadashi (Uttana Dwadashi)
  • Observing Chaturmasya gets more punya than the other vrathas.
  • Mostly marriages, Upanayana are not done during this period as Sri Narayana is in Yoga Nidra

Who Should observe this Vrata?

  •  Chaturvarnaas(Brahmana, Kshatriya, Shudra, Vaishya)
  • Chatur Ashramas( Brahmachari, Gruhasta, Vanaprasta and Sanyasi)
  • Women even in Menstruation cycle

What is the procedure to Perform this vrata?

  • On Ashada shukla ekadashi (called shayani ekadashi) one should get tapta-mudra-dharane
  • You should take an oath(Sankalpa) on dvadashi that you will observe chaturmasya with the objective of pleasing Lord Hari
  • In the first month you should observe shaka vrata
  • In the second month you should observe dadhi vrata
  • In the third month you should observe kshira vrata
  • In the fourth month you should observe dvidala vrata
  • In case of not able to take tapta mudra dhaarane, Atleast one should try visting Swamiji in Chaathur maasa time and get mudra dhaarane done

Chathur Maasa Sankalpa Mantra:

Vrataanaam vakshyamaanaanaam sankalpam vidhivat charet |
Naimittikaanaam kaamyaanaam nityaanaam cha tathaiva cha ||


Shaka vratha

  • Ashada Shudda Ekadashi to Shravana Shudda Dashami

Permitted Food items: 

Toor dal, Moong dal, Urad dal, Whole green moong, Sesame seeds, Black pepper, cumin seeds, Jaggery, Rava, wheat flour, Rice flour, Amchur powder, Milk, Yougurt(Curd), butter, Sugar, Mango fruit, Ghee .

Not Permitted:

All vegetables, all leaves(Curry leaves, coriander leaves, spinach), Mustard, Tamarind, Chana dal, Besan, Ginger, Green chillies, lemon, coconut, Red chillies. Oil, chilly powder, Turmeric powder

Sankalpa

Shaakavratam mayaadeva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatu prasaadaat tava keshava||

Samarpana

 Upaayamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Shaakam tu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


Dadhi Vratha

  • Shravana Shudda Ekadashi to Bhadrapada Shudda Dashami
  • During this period, Curd/Yogurt should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. However, buttermilk is allowed.

Sankalpa:

Dadhi bhaadrapade maasi varjayishye sadaa hare |
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||

Samarpana:

Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Dvijavaryaaya daasyeham sahiranyam ganam dadhi||


Ksheera Vrata

  • Bhadrapada Shudda Ekadashi to Ashwayuja Shudda Dashami
  • milk should not be used in any form or manner while preparing naivedya. This restriction includes milk derivatives like kene , cheese or other dairy products, but excludes curd

Sankalpa

Kshiravratamidam deva gruhitam puratastava |
Nirvignam siddhimaayaatuprasaadaat ramaapate ||

Samarpana

Upaayanamidam deva vrutasampurti hetave |
Kshiramtu dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


 

Dvitala Vrata

  • Ashwayuja Shudda Ekadashi to Karthika Shudda Dashami
  • During this period, one should avoid Dvidalaas and bahu-bija vegetables.
  • Dvidala refers to any seed or vegetable which when broken or fried splits into two halves. Examples of such items are All Dalls
  • Bahu-bija refers to any fruit or vegetable that contains multiple seeds and is covered by an external skin. Examples of such items are apples, grapes, pomegranate, cucumber

Items permitted:

rice, wheat, sesame seeds, black pepper, cumin seeds, coconut, banana, banana flower, suvarnagadde(suran), same gadde, agathi soppu, ginger, Gooseberry, sweet potato, amla powder, all purpose flour, Rava, cracked wheat, ghee, sugar, amchur powder, mango

Items not permitted:

All dhals, red or green chillies, fenugreek seeds, tamarind, coriander leaves and all vegetables mentioned than the permitted ones

Sankalpa

Kaartike dvidalam dhaanyam varjayishye sadaa hare|
Imam karishye niyamam nirvignam kuru keshava ||

Samarpana

Upaayanamidam deva vratasampurti hetave |
Dvidalam dvijavaryaaya sahiranyam dadaamyaham ||


How to end Chathur Maasa?

After completion of Dwidala vratha, i.e.., on Kartika Shudda Ekadashi, we have to give daana of dvidala dhaanyaas, vegetables, fruits, to brahmana with dakshine and say Krishnarpanamastu

Aniruddha namastubhyam dvidalaakyavratena cha |
Matkrutenaashvine maasi prityartham phalado bhava ||

Idam vratam mayaa deva krutam prityai tava prabho |
Nyunam sampurnataam yaatu tvatprasaadaat janaardhana||

On dvadashi one should perform pooja to an idol of Lord Lakshmi Damodara and donate this vigraha to elgible married couple.

Chant the following mantra while doing the damodara pooja

Deva deva, jagannatha, lakshmi damodara prabho.
Chaturmasye tvayajnaptah, krutva vrata chatushtayam|
Bhavannmurtim pradasyami tvat prasadabhikankshaya||

||Sri Krishnarpanamasthu||

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